Morton’s Toe/Plantar Fasciitis - by admin@mcb on March 28 2017

Morton’s Toe/Plantar Fasciitis

Morton’s Foot Syndrome (commonly called “Morton’s Toe) is a condition where the first metatarsal is shorter than the second metatarsal. In a normal foot, both the first and second metatarsals are of the same length. Plantar Fasciitis is a condition where there is an inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of connection tissue that joins the heel bone to the toes.

The Mechanics of a Normal Stride

With each step we take, our feet alternately push off the ground. For a fraction of a second, the first metatarsal bears the weight of the entire body. As the foot rolls forward, some of the pressure is shifted to the remaining foot bones.

Altered Mechanics of a Morton’s Toe Stride

For people who have Morton’s toe, the first metatarsal is shorter than the second, rolling the weight to the second metatarsal. This second metatarsal bone wasn’t designed for that amount of pressure. To compensate, the foot overpronates (rolls in the direction of the big toe) to recruit support to hold the excess weight.

As a result, the foot is momentarily unstable. This causes a chain reaction in the body, as other muscles and joints shift from their designed movement pattern to compensate for the instability. In the process, the plantar fascia experiences stress and damage which can lead to the painful condition of plantar fasciitis.

Pain from Morton’s Toe/Plantar Fasciitis

The overpronation can lead to pain in the ankle, knees, and hips. Muscles all along the leg form trigger points and myofascial pain. It has been estimated that as much as 80% of all myofascial pain is a direct result of Morton’s Foot Syndrome. (Source: Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual, by Janet G. Travell, M.D. and David G. Simons, M.D.)

Massage for Morton’s Toe/Plantar Fasciitis

Massage therapists should assess their clients’ feet for  the classic signs of Morton’s Toe (a long second toe and/or hypermobility between the first and second metatarsal bones). When found, they need a two-pronged approach to treatment: educating their client how to mitigate the impact of the bone abnormality through the use of orthotics, and treating the trigger points and muscle abnormalities that have developed from the abnormal gait.

Massage CE Courses for Morton’s Toe and Plantar Fasciitis

Institute of Somatic Therapy offers two pathology courses that address foot pain. Both courses are valid for CEs for NCBTMB, Florida, Georgia, and most states.

Click below for details:

Morton’s Foot Syndrome

Plantar Fasciitis

Reflexology During Pregnancy - by admin@mcb on March 07 2017

Reflexology During Pregnancy

Reflexology During Pregnancy

Reflexology zones can have a far-reaching impact on the body. Reflexology during pregnancy is generally believed to be safe and effective. There is no evidence that reflexology can stimulate premature labor, and in fact is shown to be of benefit to pregnant woman.

Reflexology normalizes the functions of body parts and helps the body to regulate itself into health. Reflexology cannot, does not, and will not make the body do anything unnatural. Research has shown that women who receive regular reflexology during pregnancy experience many benefits. They are more likely to deliver closer to their due date, have shorter labors, and require less pain relief compared to women who did not receive regular reflexology during pregnancy.

When to Use Caution with Reflexology During Pregnancy

However, it is best to err on the side of caution. Reflexology during pregnancy should be considered contraindicated if there is a history of premature labor. Other precautions include severe hypertension, placenta previa or any other prenatal complication.

Jeanette Barsalini, a Certified Reflexologist, in a blog post on reflexology during pregnancy states:
There is a misconception that reflexology can increase the risk of a miscarriage during the early stages of pregnancy although the Association of Reflexologists says: “There is no evidence to even suggest that this may be the case. However, as miscarriages are more common in the first term of pregnancy, some reflexologists are not prepared to take the risk that the client may blame them should a miscarriage occur.” A miscarriage is generally a sign that there has been a problem with the baby’s development or the mother’s health and cannot be caused by a reflexology treatment.

Reflexology Continuing Education Courses

To learn more about reflexology and pregnancy massage, the Institute of Somatic Therapy offers several massage therapy continuing education courses.
Reflexology for Feet and Hands
Research – Reflexology
Prenatal Massage Certification

Institute of Somatic Therapy is approved by the NCBTMB as a continuing education approved provider, #280672-00.